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Skills Explained

1. Transportation and Logistics

  • Autobody Repair

    Motor vehicle body repairers repair and restore damaged motor vehicle body parts and interior finishing; repaint body surfaces; and repair and/or replace automotive glass. The use of computerised and electronically-controlled systems is now an important aspect of a motor vehicle body repairer's job. They are employed by automobile dealerships, automobile body repair shops and automobile appraisal centres.

    Required skills

    Communications, customer relation skills, reading, mathematics, critical thinking, good eyesight, attention to detail, problem-solving skills, work under supervision and training.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    • Competitors will be judged on the following activities:
    • Follow safety procedures during vehicle repair operations
    • Remove, re-install (or replace with new), and align bolted, screwed, riveted, clip or adhesively attached exterior and/or interior panels/parts
    • Operate and/or manipulate necessary equipment and tools used to perform Autobody repairs
    • Perform diagnosis and corrections of vehicle damage
    • Replace necessary welded-on panels/parts
    • Repair damaged panels (steel, aluminum, plastic)
    • Prepare vehicle for the refinishing operation
    • Perform autobody related repairs such as (but not limited to) electrical diagnosis
  • Automobile Technology

    Automotive service technicians inspect, diagnose, repair and service mechanical, electrical and electronic systems and components of motor vehicles. They are employed by motor vehicle dealers, garages, truck and trailer dealerships, and service stations, etc.

    Required skills

    Communications, customer relation skills, reading, mathematics, critical thinking, good eyesight, attention to detail, problem-solving skills, work under supervision and training.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    • Competitors will be judged on:
    • General Competency
    • Electrical Systems Construction and Testing
    • Brake and stability control Systems
    • Suspension & Steering Systems
    • Engine Mechanical Repair
    • Transmissions manual and automatic
    • Diesel systems
    • Engine management
    • Diagnostics
    • Good understanding and interpretation of electrical and network diagramms, work with modern computer based diagnostic systems.
    • Ability to measure and interpret at electrical electronical harnesses on modern cars.
    • Ability to search information on OL workshop manual, interpret Diagnostic Trouble Codes DTC's.
  • Car Painting

    Car painters remove, mark out and replace vehicle body parts, prepare vehicle surfaces, treat the vehicle with protection chemicals, apply prime coats and remove rust. They use workshop tools such as sanding machines and know different sanding techniques and materials, fillers, primers and rustproofing chemicals, and insulating, sanding and filling paints. They prepare the surface to be sprayed and make sure that the paint they use has been mixed and prepared properly to produce or match the right colour for the vehicle. Car painters adhere to health and safety regulations and apply economical working practices. They also understand consumer laws, terms and conditions for repairs and customer service requirements.

    Required skills

    Communications, customer relation skills, reading, mathematics, critical thinking, good eyesight, attention to detail, problem-solving skills, work under supervision and training.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    • Competitors will be judged on the following activities
    • Preparing, cleaning, and degreasing OEM surfaces including plastics, and fibreglass/composite materials.
    • Masking areas not to be processed
    • Bringing bodywork back to its original shape by filling and sanding
    • Applying primer and filler or a mixture of both
    • Sanding and masking
    • Mixing the finishing paint, applying the correct colour formula; preparing a colour sample
    • Sanding and polishing defects
    • Applying decoration such as stripes, bands and shades
    • Spraying of finishing paint;
    • 2K solid colour acrylic urethane
    • Clear over base metallic, pearl
    • 2 and 3 layer pearl
    • HS clear
    • Waterborne base coats
    • Special decorative paints such as chromaflare and tinted clearcoat
    • Metal panels (bare, pre-painted or OEM)
    • Plastic parts including fibreglass/composite materials
  • Aircraft Maintenance

    The Aircraft Maintenance Technician works mainly in an AMO (Aircraft Maintenance Organization) inspecting, servicing, troubleshooting, removing, installing and repairing Aircraft Systems. Upon finishing their task the AMT must certify their maintenance carried out on the Aeronautical product with the understanding that a licensed practitioner has the signing authority to release the aircraft for service.

    The theoretical and practical training of the Aircraft Maintenance Technician (AMT) is concerned with the airframe, engine and propeller which include the mechanical, hydraulic, pneumatic, avionic and electrical equipment in an Aircraft.

    REQUIRED SKILLS

    Communications (verbal and written), reading, mathematics & physics, good eyesight, attention to detail, problem-solving skills. Working alone, as part of a team and under supervision along with training and an extensive knowledge of local, National and International government aeronautic regulations.

    Aircraft maintenance technicians inspect, maintain and repair the various electrical/electronic, mechanical, fluid and structural components of airplanes and helicopters. Aircraft maintenance technicians are employed by aircraft manufacturing, maintenance, repair and overhaul establishments, and by airlines, the armed forces and various other aircraft operators such as; commuter, fire fighting, air ambulance, police etc.

    Competitors will be judged on the following activities:

    • Assembly – Sheet metal repair as per supplied drawing
    • Rigging – Use of supplied module
    • Daily Inspection – Visual Inspection of an Helicopter prior to flight
    • Removal and installation – component in simulator
    • Blending of a Compressor Blade
    • Gas Turbine Hot Section Inspection using a boroscope.
    • Fabricate wire loom and Troubleshoot an electrical wiring defect
  • 2. Manufacturing and Engineering Technology

  • CNC Milling

    CNC technology has reached a stage of having become omnipresent. A lot of people can hardly imagine how important these technologies are in their lives: it is present in products and objects of everyday life as e.g. cars, airplanes, components of machines of all types, moulds for tools used for household machines, cell phones, toys, medicine prosthesis, etc.

    CNC Technology includes machining tools such as lathes, multi-axis spindles, wire electrical discharge machines and milling machines, where the functions formerly performed by human operators are now performed by a computer-control module. The professionals associated to this skill use computer numerically controlled (CNC) machines to cut and shape precision products, as mentioned above. To form a finished part the cutting process can be started from a solid block, premachined parts or castings.

    Thus the abbreviation (CNC) refers to a computer (""control"") that reads instructions (""G-code"") and drives the machine tool, a powered mechanical device (""milling machine""), used to fabricate components by the selective removal of material. A programme with “G-codes” is required and generated manually and/or automatically using CAD/CAM software followed by the necessary machining operations.

    Today a wide range of industries require CNC milling professionals to program, operate and keep sophisticated milling machines running in an efficient and reliable way. Large enterprises such as automobile, medium-sized enterprises, such as mould making and small enterprises on maintenance field are some of many examples where the CNC milling professional plays a key role to the success of metalwork industry.

    Required skills

    Interpret engineering drawings and follow the specification; the ability to organize and to establish process planning; the ability to apply different methods and techniques to generate a program; the ability to use the different measuring tools & gauging instruments, the ability to operate and setup a CNC milling Machine; the ability to run, to control and to optimize the machining process.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    Using a Vertical Machining Centre, the Competitors will be required to produce metal parts covering different practical scenarios.

  • CNC Turning

    Machinists set up and operate or tend metal-cutting machines designed for repetitive machining work. In particular, CNC Turning covers the processing of metal work pieces with CNC lathes.

    From a technical drawing, the machinist must program the software controlled manufacturing machine and select, mount and offset the needed cutting tools, to fabricate the desired customer part to an accuracy of 0,01mm. (This is a human hair split approx. 8 times). Programming of the CNC lathe takes place through the machine control unit and/or Computer-Aided Machining software (CAM).

    Such parts are used everywhere in metal Industries, such as Automotive, Tool and Die, Aviation and even in the Aerospace industries.

    Required skills

    Skilled craftsmanship in metalcutting and inspection technology,attention to detail, reading and interpreting technical drawings and charts, the ability to work independently, mathematical and geometrical ability, endurance and sensitiveness for high precision

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    The Competitor has to carry out independently the following tasks:

    Prepare, based on the paper drawing, the desired CNC programs

    Calculate the points of intersection on profiles if not shown on the drawings by means of any kind of calculator or the provided CAM system or the machine control.

    Select the proper tools and independently mount, set-up and measure them.

    Machine and measure the test project. Use any type of analysis and correction to complete the desired task.

    Comply with the safety instructions by the machine manufacturer and with the national safety regulations, as well as WorldSkills regulations.

  • M-CAD

    Mechanical engineer designers apply their knowledge to design all types of machines and their components using CAD software. CAD stands for Computer Aided Design. It is used to produce design documentation in manufacturing, including product drawings, paperwork and 3D models. CAD designers are expected to draw up designs accurately and meticulously and to have acquired thorough understanding of their CAD software.

    CAD designers work in industrial design departments or design agencies. Professional CAD designers have to keep up with their industry's continuous development and new software.

    Required skills

    Communication, numeracy, critical thinking, mathematics, computer science, analytical skills, creativity, read and interpret technical drawings.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    • Competitors will be judged on their knowledge of and ability to:
    • 3D modelling of part
    • 3D modelling of assemblies
    • Create photo rendered images
    • Creation of simulations
    • Reverse engineering of a physical model
    • Technical drawings and dimensioning
    • Materials
    • Software and hardware
  • Mobile Robotics

    Mobile Robotics Technicians assemble, set-up, manage and maintain mechanical systems within a mobile robot as well as install, operate and trouble shoot mobile robot control systems.

    Required skills

    Mechanical and electronic skills, sensor and drive technology, programming, basic mathematics, read and interpret technical drawings, problem-solving skills, team working.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    Competitors will be expected to carry out two tasks over four days of the Competition using the provided robots. The tasks will mainly include the programming of the robots to carry out different sequences in two different arenas. Besides programming, the teams have to test, to adjust sensor values and parameters, assemble and connect peripheral equipment and/or tools and make final test runs. In the case of hardware problems, teams must be able to do troubleshooting and repairs on hardware and connections.

  • Electronics

    This skill involves manufacturing, testing and troubleshooting electronic equipment. Skilled technicians are able to build equipment and systems for electronics and other special applications. They use the required hand tools, solders and measuring devices and computers. Since the manufacturing processes of modern mass-produced electronics are highly automated, technicians build prototypes before production, and maintain and repair systems. Computers and embedded systems (computers for which a fixed programming environment is embedded in the processor) play a central role in this skill area since electronic devices are mainly built with the aid of programmed systems.

    Required Skills

    Communication, numeracy, critical thinking, mathematics, computer science, analytical skills, creativity, the ability to work on a team and the ability to learn from a supervisor

    At the competition

    In this skill, the Competitors use basic electronics tools such as measurement devices and computers. The computer is used for the design of electronics and the programming of embedded systems. The competition task is to build an individual electronic device or individual units belonging to it. The device or its part can also be a so-called prototype of a device to be mass-produced. Most devices are based on what is called embedded systems technology. The most important areas of evaluation are quality of work (according to standard IPC-610E) and problem-solving skills.

    During the competition there are 4 different projects:

    • Module 1 - Hardware design ( circuit and PCB design of prototype)
    • Module 2 - Embedded Systems Programming module (programming of prototype device)
    • Module 3 – Fault finding, repair and measuring module
    • Module 4 - Assembly module
  • Mechatronics

    Mechatronics technicians build engineering systems for the automation industry. Mechatronics is concerned with mechanics, electronics and computer technology. The computer technology element covers information technology applications, programmable machine control systems and technology which enables communication between machines, equipment and people.

    This category combines skills in mechanics, pneumatics, electronically controlled systems, programming, robotics and system development. Mechatronics technicians design, build, maintain and repair automated equipment and programme equipment control systems.

    Mechatronics top performers are able to meet a variety of needs within the industry. They carry out mechanical maintenance, equipment building and component machining. They also cover equipment information gathering, components (sensors) and regulating units. Mechatronics professionals install, set up, repair and adjust machine components and manage equipment control systems, including programming.

    Everyday Mechatronics appliances include shop tills (belt + cash register assemblies), automated bottle recycling machines, note and coin change machines and lifts in residential buildings.

    Industrial applications include industrial multi-product packing lines, labelling machines for tinned products, lifting and transport machinery (automatic trucks, cranes, loading machinery) and automatic assembly and measuring equipment in the electronics industry

    Required Skills

    Practical skills to use a variety of tools and equipment, communication, numeracy, critical thinking, mathematics, computer science and analytical skills

    At the competition

    Competitors will be judged on their knowledge and abilities related to:

    • Development of mechatronic systems
    • Industrial controllers
    • Software programming
    • Design Circuits
    • Analytical Techniques
    • Mechanical Design
  • Plastic Die Engineering

    Plastic Die Engineers produce dies for sample production (from 10 to 1000 shots) from drawings or specifications of plastic products, and moulding plastic products.

    The program for designing and fabricating dies is created with the CAD/CAM system. Fabrication is done with a machining centre, and then polished with hand tools. To finish the product each part is assembled.

    The finished dies are mounted to an injection moulding machine to mould the plastic products, then a report is written to present the designing concept for producing non-defective products.

    Required Skills

    Numeracy, critical thinking, reading technical drawing, analytical, mould designing, hand & machining, polishing, assembling, testing and troubleshooting skills etc. are required.

    At the competition

    Competitors will be judged on their ability to:

    • Design and draw a unit die with Auto CAD Inventor software.
    • Machine the Die as per the drawing
    • Polish and assemble the die as per requirement
    • Produce defect free components as per specification
  • Prototype Modelling

    Prototype Modelling engineers are developers or producers of new product models.

    When a new industrial product is developed, a product is designed based on a concept and a prototype model is created, and the shape of the new product is next determined after thorough review and modification.

    Prototype modelling, which provides infinite ideas and skills needed to materialise ideas, is an essential sector of industry for developing attractive products.

    Required Skills

    Numeracy, critical thinking, Mathematics, Computer Science, Analytical Skills, Creativity, read and interpret technical drawings.

    At the competition

    The Competitor is expected to:

    • Create a prototype model based on 3D CAD data and 2D drawing, using hand tools and machines (CAM or computerised machines are not allowed)
    • Use a 3D CAD system (part, assembling, drawing)
    • Prepare and dimension a 2D drawing based on the 3D CAD data
    • Work with the specified materials based on the selected test project like: chemical wood, casting resin, laminating resin
    • Modify minor product details creative
    • Finish prototype model surfaces
    • Paint prototype model with spray cans
    • Decorate prototype model with given materials
  • Welding

    Welders are craftsmen and women who need hands-on skills to do a professional job. Different welding processes are required with different materials. In order to meet the quality requirements, welders must be able to understand welding drawings, standards and markings, apply the required welding processes and understand the characteristics of the materials. Knowledge of welding work safety is also required.

    The skill covers the welding of components, structures, plates, pipes and pressure vessels.

    Standard reference terms and definitions for welding processes, welding positions and weld testing shall be to International Standard Organisation (ISO) and American Welding Society (AWS) standards. Where a conflict arises, the ISO standards shall have precedence. If no ISO standard is applicable then the relevant AWS standard shall be used.

    Required Skills

    Endurance, concentration, blueprint reading, hand-eye coordination, mathematical ability, steady hand, problem solving and communication

    At the competition

    The Competitor will be judged on their ability to:

    • Weld Butt and fillet welds of plates, and pipes in all working positions with seams of different angles of inclination and rotation to be completed within a given time frame. Weldments will be non-destructively tested to specific assessment criteria and scored accordingly. Welding positions terminology shall be to both ISO2553 and AWS A3.0/A2.4.
  • 3. Information and Communication Technology

  • IT Network Systems Administration

    Network Administrators install, maintain, update and service computer equipment and software. Their work includes:

    Installing a complex, custom IT solution with workstations, users, servers and networking equipment

    Using a variety of operating systems and server software

    Implementing business IT systems with servers, workstations and network devicesTackling business-to-business communication solutions, accessing the Internet and other business networks safely and efficiently

    Installing and configure wireless network devices, switches, routers and data protection devices

    Ensuring security of stored information and give access to relevant users

    Providing system level documentation and diagrams

    Install, maintain and troubleshoot VOIP devices and software

    Required skills

    Attention to detail, technologically savvy, critical thinker, problem-solver

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    The Competitor is judged on: their knowledge, understanding, and abilities to install, run, configure, and troubleshoot various components of the following:

  • IT Software Solutions for Business

    The current theme of Skill 9 IT Software Solutions for Business is “Using a software development tool to develop a software solution to manage a business operation”. Software solution developer and provider are highly-employable professionals in the IT community.

    What do IT Software Solutions professionals do?

    • Develop software solutions to solve businesses' problems
    • Use software development tools and computer languages to build software solutions
    • Use communication and interpersonal skills to elicit user requirements for the software solutions
    • Analyze business requirements in order to design and develop well-fitting solutions
    • Use problem-solving skills and in-depth technical knowledge to build those solutions
    • Document the solutions in an easy-to-understand way for future maintenance
    • Use presentation and sales skills to present the solutions to clients

    They can operate in a wide variety of roles including:

    • In a development role
    • o developing a new or customized software solution to manage a business operation
    • In a support role
    • offering advice and support to end users to implement a software solution in a business environment
    • In a training role
    • train users to use a software solution in the business functions

    Required skills

    Problem-solving, analytical, communication, interpersonal, presentation, software design and development, attention to detail and critical thinking

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    Microsoft Office is chosen to be the development tool for the Competitors to develop a software solution since it is handy and one of the most widely-used suite of office applications in the world. Given an integrated business case scenario, the Competitors use Microsoft Office suite, including Access (data storage and information retrieval), Excel (data analysis and graphical presentation), Word (document processing and desktop publishing) and PowerPoint (presentation of information using various media) to analyze the requirements of the case scenario in order to develop the required functions of a software solution.

  • Web Designing

    Web Design is a fairly new profession incorporating building and maintaining web pages. Web Designers use computer programmes to produce pages which include links to other pages, graphical elements, text and photographs. The layout of these elements can be presented as a script or drawings on paper. Computer software is used for technical implementation. In their work, designers and builders must pay attention to copyright laws and ethical questions.

    These days anybody can try their hand at Web Design, putting more pressure on professional designers. In order to awaken interest and make visitors stay at a site designers must learn new techniques and use them to come up with original solutions. When professional rather than amateur sites pull in visitors, the Internet can become an important platform for corporate communications, marketing and trade.

    A web page producer understands the technology and the related artistic values. On websites, technology is used to automate functions and to help content administrators in their work. Creative skills are needed when designing the colours, fonts and graphics and their layout on a site. User interface planning ensures good usability. A website producer must also understand the basics of project work, content production and site administration.

    A web page producer understands the technology and the related artistic values. On websites, technology is used to automate functions and to help content administrators in their work. Creative skills are needed when designing the colours, fonts and graphics and their layout on a site. User interface planning ensures good usability. A website producer must also understand the basics of project work, content production and site administration.

    Required Skills

    Web design encompasses many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of websites. These include:

    • Meeting with clients to discuss and evaluate requirements
    • Helping the client understand how a website will accomplish their business objectives and set key performance indicators for success
    • Designing the layout and selecting appropriate typography and colour schemes
    • Implementing HTML and CSS mark-up to create the website layout
    • Adding interactivity and additional functionality with JavaScript
    • Use open source libraries
    • User Interface Design
    • Integrating with third-party platforms (eg. Content Management System (CMS))
    • Designing and developing databases
    • Creating PHP programs that interact and manipulate data
    • Debug website issues and bugs
    • Improving search engine performance via Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
    • Testing the website functions correctly in multiple browsers, at different resolutions and on different devices
    • Social media integration
    • Re-designing an existing website

    At the competition

    The development of a website often involves a sequence of developmental phases:

    • planning
    • creating elements for the web site
    • client side coding
    • server side programming

    The process of development may vary involving a different order of phases. The Web Designer may be provided completed portions of a website such as a completed database or a completed user interface (UI). Through the sequence of developmental phases ongoing testing takes place.

  • 4. Creative Arts and Fashion

  • Visual Merchandising & Window Dressing

    A visual merchandiser creates window and interior displays in shops and department stores. Their chief aim is to maximise sales. Essentially, they are responsible for the "look" of the store. Displays are changed regularly and themes can be dictated by a number of factors, including the seasons of the year; current fashions and trends or promotional material.

    Most companies have a visual merchandising team. Typical activities will vary according to the roles within the team, but may include:

    • Conducting research based on lifestyle concepts and trends, as well as store and/or regional attributes
    • Sketching designs
    • Developing floor plans
    • Sourcing materials
    • Maximising the space and layout of the store
    • Using available space to the best advantage
    • Dressing and styling mannequins and props
    • Making creative use of lighting
    • Giving feedback to head office and the other teams (such as buyers)

    Required Skills

    Creativity, accuracy and efficiency, knowledge of store goods, target audience, brands, trends, tools, mannequins, materials and equipment, knowledge of 2D and 3D design, knowledge of IT programs, professionalism, problemsolving, communications, time management, health and safety.

    The individual needs to be able to:

    • conduct research based on lifestyle concepts, trends and store attributes
    • identify and effectively use research tools, e.g. internet
    • research brief, theme and product/brand to design a unique display
    • research and develop display ideas to meet client/organizational goals/target market needs and aspirations
    • evaluate current trends in display design, equipment and materials
    • develop an original concept which clearly meets the client/organizational goals/target market needs and aspirations
    • create and professionally present a clean, professional mood board to colleagues, managers and related departments/professionals to include: sketches, images and colour fabric charts

    The individual needs to know and understand:

    • full range of applications of IT programs, e.g. Photoshop and Illustrator
    • technological developments and how to exploit them
    • rendering
    • principles of window display to include: use and effectiveness of colour shapes and text, utilization and most efficient use of space, balance, grouping and product dynamics, focus and specific use of lighting
    • the objectives of window display: to achieve brand compatibility, effective display of products, impact, drama, commerciality and aesthetics
    • materials and their purposes/characteristics, e.g wood, MDF, PVC, glue and paints

    The individual needs to be able to

    • select and display merchandise according to its characteristics and translation of the original concept and the Brief
    • present a range of products to include: fashion, accessories, tableware and books
    • collect, present and support the merchandise to communicate effectively with the target market(s)
    • handle all merchandise, mannequins and materials with care including furniture, plinths and support structures
    • accurately and efficiently plan a task breakdown for installation including timings
    • select, tint and paint pure and clean surfaces to decorate walls, fixtures and panels
    • use different types of materials and tools to precisely measure, cut and finish display
    • cover floors and walls with materials as appropriate
    • professionally construct self-designed props, to enhance the theme, support the merchandise and communicate effectively with the target market(s)
    • collect and style products, dress and style mannequins for maximum effect to enhance the theme, support the merchandise and communicate effectively with the target market(s)
    • select and place all props, materials and mannequins in an effective composition in the window to enhance the theme, support the branding of the merchandise and communicate effectively with the target market(s)
    • maximize the space and layout of the area to best advantage
    • make creative use of lighting, allocate spotlights and adjust lighting as required to ensure merchandise is highlighted appropriately
    • review display to ensure it is aesthetically pleasing and has the WOW factor
    • evaluate the effectiveness of the window display in supporting the intended merchandise and brand
    • check final standard of installation and ensure it is complete, safe, neat, clean, tidy professional and finished on time
    • analyse feedback and respond appropriately making suggestions for improvements

    At the competition

    The Competitor is judged on:

    • Research brief, theme, target audience and product given to design a unique window display producing drawings
    • Select and allocate supplied materials to design
    • Plan and organize window installation to include time management
    • Present, motivate and explain ideas and design to the jury
    • Install window display
    • Complete installation as a real world example
  • Graphic Design Technology

    Graphic design is ubiquitous! From advertising to packaging, from books to posters or displays, you will find it everywhere in your daily life. And in all of these cases, the role of the graphic designer is to convey efficiently a message to the public. To meet this purpose, he/she has to understand the needs of the client and the interests of the target market before making design decisions. Graphic designers work for printing or publishing companies, ad agencies, in-house services, etc. They may also be self-employed.

    Required skills

    Creativity, knowledge of typography and page layout, attention to detail, ability to meet deadlines, knowledge of the production process and of the computer softwares (Adobe Suite, etc.), capacity to meet deadlines and work under pressure.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    • The Competitor is judged on:
    • Editorial design and new media
    • Packaging design
    • Corporate and information design
    • Advertising and display design
    • They will also be judged on:
    • Development of ideas
    • Understanding their target market
    • Design consistency
    • Creation of the layout
    • Creation of specific elements of design
    • Technical production of the layout
    • Print and saving/archiving work
  • Jewellery Designing

    Jewellery makers manufacture or repair beautiful and durable fashion accessories using precious metals. They can make exclusive individual pieces, ready to be set with precious gemstones and used, or prototypes for mass production.

    Required skills

    Precision, attention to detail, professionalism and patience.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    The Competitor is judged on:

    • Make a piece of jewellery or several components in accordance with a technical drawing.
    • Apply jewellery skills and manufacturing techniques according to the project specification.
    • Use and carefully manage only the material supplied.
    • Apply correct health and safety procedures.

    They will be judged on:

    • Similarity to the shapes proportions and functions of the designers concept.
    • Use of cutting and sawing techniques to shape and create settings for gemstones.
    • Use of solder joints to produce complex jewellery components and complete pieces.
    • Application of correct and uniform surface finish.
    • Compliance with the dimesions specified in the technical drawing.
    • Completion of each of the separate stages or separate tasks within time limits.
  • Fashion Technology

    Fashion technology professionals combine their creative and artistic talent with technical knowledge in order to create clothing designs that appeal to their clients. They are employed by clothing and textiles companies or may be self-employed.

    They are technically skilled garment producers who are highly efficient at handling different materials and are skilled in using both industrial machine and hand sewing techniques.

    Required skills

    Knowledge of fashion design, creativity and imagination;

    Confident with various techniques for pattern making and cutting for fashion outfits;

    Capable to use various industrial sewing machines and equipment efficiently to make fashion outfits;

    Capable to perform Haute couture hand-sewn techniques to finish small parts of the fashion outfits.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    The Test Project is made of three modules:

    • In the first module, the Competitors will receive a set of patterns for making a pair of classic ladies' pants and the Competitors have to prepare the pattern, cut the fabric, sew and finish the pair of pants.
    • For the second module, the Competitors will receive a selection of different fabrics and accessories to design and to make a ladies' jacket or an overcoat for the theme.
    • During the third module, the Competitors will receive a ""Mystery Box"" which contains one piece of surprise garment and a selection of surprise material and accessories. With these mystery materials, the Competitors have to design and create a ladies' blouse to be worn under the jacket or overcoat made in the second module.
    • Towards the end of the Competition, each Competitor designed and created a set of trendy ladies' outfits according the theme.
  • 5. Social and Personal Services

  • Beauty Therapy

    A beauty therapist is a specialist in skin and body care, massage and makeup. Beauty therapists are able to plan, apply and market face, body, feet and hand treatments and makeup. They can provide advice on how to use colours, find a personal style, look after your skin and body, and how to choose and use skincare products. They are employed in beauty salons, electrolysis studios, spa's and onboard therapist on cruise ships or long haul flights, scalp treatment and hair replacement clinics and other similar establishments and in cosmetic departments of retail establishments such as pharmacies and department stores, or they may be self-employed.

    Required skills

    Caring, tactful, intelligent, excellent communication skills and have a well-groomed appearance, knowledge of fashion and love of continuous learning

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    Competitors are judged on:

    • Working Environment – Hygiene & Safety Requirements
    • Professional Attitude & Client Relationships
    • Knowledge and understanding of Client Relationships
    • Preparation of Client Service Areas
    • Spa Pedicure & Spa Manicure Treatments, application of French gel nail product with a liquid gel product and cured by the blue light overlay on a natural nail & glued temporary plastic nails with Nail Art
    • Advanced Facial Treatments with Electrical Instruments
    • Basic Facial Treatment
    • Full Spa Body Treatment and Body Massage
    • Bridal and Fantasy Makeup
    • Temporary Hair Removal on Lip and Eyebrow, Lash & Brow Tint
  • Hair Dressing

    Hairdressers cut, colour, shape, style, straighten, perm and care for people's hair. Through professional advice and treatment the hairdresser strives to emphasize the customer's general appearance and personality. Professional hairdressers may work as Barbers, Hairdressers, Teachers, and Product consultants.

    Required skills

    Professional, time management, communication, work under stress, critical thinking, hand-eye coordination, hygenic, endurance, precision, attention to detail, punctual, knowledge of fashion, creativity and imagination, together with great technical skill, including commercial and artistic applications.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    Competitors are judged on:

    • Planning and creativity
    • Organisation and time management
    • Hair analysis
    • Efficient working methods, sanitation, Occupational Health & Safety (OH&S)
    • Hair cutting (all aspects and techniques)
    • Hair colouring (all aspects and techniques)
    • Permanent wave
    • Hair styling
    • Beard design
    • Addition of hair
  • Confectionery

    Confectioners/pastry cooks create an abundant variety of elaborate and delicious products for all kinds of event, which employs artistic talent as well as gastronomic flair. They must be able to work economically and use their initiative, not forgetting the quality of products, ergonomics, and health and safety regulations. They make and present decorated cakes, pastries, biscuits, chocolates, modelled marzipan, hot and cold desserts as well as centre pieces in various mediums such as chocolate, cooked sugar, pastillage and nougatine.

    Required skills

    Time management, artistic, critical thinking, judgement, hygenic, good hand-eye coordination, endurance, to be able to work as part of a team, precision, attention to detail.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    content

    • Mise en Place
    • Marzipan
    • Presentation Piece
    • Chocolates
    • Plated Dessert
    • Miniatures
    • Entremets
    • Hygiene, work process and waste
    • Time, Quantity, Variety, Weight, Texture, Taste, Theme, Creativity
  • Cooking

    A cook is trained to plan menus, prepare a variety of foods according to health and safety regulations and manage a kitchen. Kitchens may be in places such as hotels, restaurants, canteens or hospitals. It is the cook's responsibility to prepare meals that are both appealing and nutritious. They are also responsible for food ordering costing. Understanding the needs of special diets due to culture, health or religion is becoming a more important part of the job.

    Required skills

    Time management, communication, work under stress, critical thinking, judgement, hygenic, endurance, to be able to work as part of a team, precision, attention to detail, punctual

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    Competitors are judged on the preparation of international/global dishes as determined by the Test Project including:

    • Cold and hot appetizers
    • Egg and cheese dishes
    • Stocks, hot and cold soups and sauces
    • Fish and shellfish dishes
    • Hot and cold dishes of meat, game and poultry
    • Decoration and garnishing
    • Starch and vegetable dishes
    • Salads
    • Hot, cold and frozen desserts
    • Baked products
  • Restaurant Service

    Restaurant service involves the service of food and beverages in fine dining restaurants, bistro's, cafes, hotels and other dining establishments. Waiting staff prepare tables for service, take orders, clear down, mix and serve drinks, open and serve wines, calculate bills and take payments. Waiters are required to provide a high standard to match the quality of the food they serve. They are the face of the business and the most important contact person attending to the customers needs.

    Required skills

    Waiting staff require the ability to multi-task, prioritize and must be skilled at communication. A good memory, the ability to work under stress, work as part of a team, understand hygenic practices, show endurance, be patient, friendly, polite, fleixable and reliabile are all important attributes to a career in Restaurant Service.

    What the Competitors do at the Competition

    Competitors will be judged on the following activities:

    • Preparation for service (mise-en-place)
    • Service of food
    • Service of Beverages, Alcoholic and Non Alcoholic
    • Service of Coffee and Tea
    • Preparing Gueridon Dishes (Side trolly)
    • Carving techniques
    • Preparation of Cocktails
    • Drinks identification
    • Personal presentation
    • Social skills
  • 6. Construction and Building Technology

  • Brick Laying

    Bricklayers work on commercial and residential projects where they lay bricks, block stone, glass block or terra cotta to build interior and exterior walls, partitions, fireplaces, chimneys, smokestacks and other structures.

    A bricklayer is trained to do the following jobs:

    • select and prepare mortars
    • build interior/exterior walls and partition
    • install insulation in masonry walls
    • lay radial brick or stone for industrial and residential chimneys
    • apply firebrick to chimneys and smokestacks
    • apply acid-resistant brick to kilns and tanks
    • create garden walls, footpaths, arches, patios and balconies
    • precision cut stone, brick, block and other dense masonry materials
    • reinforce masonry structures with bolts, tie bars or metal mesh

    To become a successful bricklayer requires endurance, concentration, planning and scheduling, varied hands-on skills, competent bricklaying, an eye for detail, and tidiness.

    Required Skills

    Endurance, concentration, planning and scheduling, varied hands-on skills, competent bricklaying, an eye for detail, tidiness, plan interpretation, problem solving and time management

    At the competition

    The Competitor is judged on:

    • Safe working practices
    • Interpretation of specifications
    • Brickwork / blockwork construction
    • Joint Finishing and presentation
    • The work and skills need to be performed in a set timeframe.

    The Test Project includes the construction of brick walls or surfaces of facing bricks and blocks of different materials. For example, decorative brickwork with projections and recesses in all possible bonds, sections of walls with segmental, semi-circular, triangular, 3 centre, flat, Gothic arches, curved walls, cavity walls as well as rendering to provide a smooth finish by use of sand, lime, cement, and paving with natural or artificial materials.

  • Wall & Floor Tiling

    Wall and floor tiling refers to the laying of tiles of ceramics, mosaic and natural stone on walls, floors and staircases in houses, industrial and public buildings, churches, swimming pools, outside installations and façades to provide protective and decorative finishes. It also includes the construction of small walls and steps from bricks or blocks.

    Tilers work from diagrams and instructions. First, they measure the area to be tiled and calculate the minimum number of tiles required. Next, they remove any existing covering. They then prepare the surface - levelling the floor using sand and cement, or applying plaster if they are tiling a wall. They then spread cement or adhesive with a trowel and lay the tiles in the desired pattern. They may have to cut tiles to fit around walls and obstacles.

    After the adhesive has dried, the joints between the tiles are filled with grouting cement. On large projects, tilers may work in teams. On smaller jobs, they often work alone.

    Experienced tilers may also specialise in one area of work, such as mosaics. They can work for specialist tiling firms, firms specialising in artistic work and for some building contractors.

    Many tilers are self-employed sub-contractors.

    In general the work processes for the wall and floor tiler include:

    • Reading plans, control materials, equipment and tools
    • Install work site and take care of health and safety
    • Prepare the surfaces to be covered and install blocks
    • Layout, divide area, prepare quantities
    • Install inside and outside corners including watertight
    • Fix tiles on walls and floors
    • Finishing work

    Required Skills

    Creativity, critical thinking, flexibility/adaptability, honesty/integrity, interpersonal communication, proactive work attitude, self motivation, teamwork, time management, work ethics skills, influencing skills, customer service and client relationship, problem-solving skills and working under pressure.

    At the competition

    The Competitor is judged on:

    • Safe working practices common to all wall and floor tiling operations
    • Know how to interpret and produce building information
    • Interpretation and execution of drawings to ISO-A or ISO-E standards
    • Setting out and wall and floor tiles, stone and other material
    • Produce complex figure and corners (inside and outside)